Recently, Miami County, Kansas successfully defended its right to require a maintenance bond and impose other restrictions on non-governmental operators of converted railroad lines. The federal “Rails to Trails” law spurred the development of abandoned railroads for recreational uses. Several states – Kansas among them – then enacted laws to further regulate the operation of those newly-created trails within their states. A private trail operator in Kansas objected to the additional regulations. The operator argued that, similar to railroads, the trails should be controlled only by federal laws as to maintenance and operations. The court disagreed, noting that the Rails to Trails Act is primarily concerned that a trail’s use does not conflict with the potential future use as a railroad. Private operators of rails-to-trails in Kansas will need to comply with the federal law, but also with the more stringent operational and maintenance standards of the Kansas Recreational Trails Act.